In 1950 a young British archeologist fresh out of the university undertook his first major archaeological dig. A town in Igbo land, South-Eastern Nigeria had become notorious for its ancient bronze, copper and exquisite pottery and beaded wares which the villagers accidentally excavated while digging wells, cisterns and graves. For as long as the villagers could remember, their ancestors had always dug up exquisite and highly ornate archaeological goods from their farmlands and from the foundations of buildings. Digging up buried goods had become a local pastime because the beautiful goods fetched good money from Arabs, Fulanis, and Europeans who paid handsomely for them. In 1950 the Nigerian National Commission for Antiquities got wind of the trade. The British colonial officer in charge of Antiquities sent a young British archeologist fresh out of the university to undertake an excavation. Thurston Shaw worked on the Igbo Ukwu site for several months but only excavated three pits some of them under the foundations of buildings, and recovered enough artifacts to fill three museums. This was a civilization outside living memory of the natives. Perhaps mistakenly or out of political reasons, as Shaw himself is quoted to have said, the excavated goods were given a date of 9th Century A.D.

23 years of studying the Sumerian phenomenon and its Pre-Cuneiform inscriptions and comparative research into the Igbo Ukwu archaeological artifacts have revealed that what Thurstan Shaw excavated in Igbo land was the lost Sumerian city of Akkad ruled by ‘Sargon the Great’ circa 3,500 B.C.! Royal seals of Sargon the Great and of his sons Menes or Manus Tutu (who became the first Pharaoh of dynastic Egypt), Naram Enzu and Bag Eri, to name a few, as well as artifacts bearing the names of Sargon, his sons and his gods are easily discernible among the goods excavated in Igbo Ukwu, written in Pre-cuneiform pictographs, symbols and letters.

Assyriologists believe that Sargon was the historical representation of Biblical Nimrud, for both were first Post-Deluge kings of Sumer.

In 23 years of consistent research on the Sumerian phenomenon, the Catherine Acholonu Research Center has come up with three major publications and a plethora of articles. One of the publications – They Lived Before Adam: Prehistoric Origins of the Igbo, The Never-Been-Ruled – won the 2009 International Book awards in USA, and was featured in C-Span Book TV, New York in 2009 as a groundbreaking publication (see U-Tube Video online). The highly deteriorated limb-bones and skull of a monarch buried in Igbo Ukwu was also taken to the British Museum. He wore a copper crown with Sargon’s pictograph engraved all round on it, a bronze breast-plate, several rows of copper wires on his ankles, two beaded armbands, and most surprising of all, a regalia strung with a whooping one hundred and eleven thousand beads!!! Sumer was the world’s first in bronze, copper and iron technology, writing, astronomy, agriculture. All the major hallmarks of her civilization are represented in the few pits that Shaw opened. Igbo Ukwu and Oraeri (the neighboring town) are still teeming with archaeological goods yet to be excavated.

We call on the British Museum to allow a reexamination of the Igbo Ukwu excavation, and we invite the international media to a series of World Press Conferences to be held in Abuja, Nigeria and in major cities in the world from the month of April onwards to share our discoveries with the world. Please contact us by email or by phone to get the itinerary for the press conferences.


Professor Catherine Acholonu

Director Catherine Acholonu Research Center

Former Special Advisor on Arts and Culture to the Nigerian President


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  1. We invite interested scholars to my FB wall.

  2. Simba Olenga says:

    Hello, Miss. Achonolu,

    I recently read your article and I would like to note that I found it, frankly, very interesting. However, I would also like to me that you can clarify some points about your article because I think there are some contradictions.

    Firstly, the Akkadian Empire had flourished, he seems, to -2300 BC. Western era, when he was mentioned by my sources, that the civilization of Igbo-Ukwu have flourished to IX – X century, less than 2000 years after the decline of the city after another civilization.

    Secondly, precisely because of the approximate age of Igbo-Ukwu, we can not claim that it is the cradle of civilizations Egyptian and Akkadian, although we can not deny that there is not influenced between these three civilizations (because it seems that the age of this civilization is in the hands of the Igbo people and now this point, I would like if possible to have access to certain parts of their tradition and their history, written or orally, if possible).

    Thirdly, it is to mention that Nemes, also known under the name of Narmer, is a king from the dynasty known as the “0” – as I judge rather by falsifying Western Egyptologists – a line of kings Upper Egypt and Nubia (Kush) who reigned during the fourth millennium BC. Western era and how their ancestrality seems he goes back to mythical queens & kings from the Age of the Heroes (Horus is their ancestor). Nemes father was probably the King II or Selk Scorpion King II, which we know very well who was the father and grandfather, unlike Sargon / Šarru-Kin, who has not ruled to -3500 but to -2300 and which no trace contemporary or post it on his genealogy was found, except for one dating from the seventh century BC. Western era stating he did not know the identity of his father, except that he called La’ibum and that his last brothers’ ” loved the hills ” probably making reference to nomadic tribes who invaded the plains of the Euphrates to the IIIrd millennium.
    Sargon can not be the father of a man who lived many centuries before him!

    Especially that anyway, it was also not even royal blood-kin Šarru in Akkadian means “the Legitimate King” or “True King”. The origin of this title is probably due to the fact that he had usurped the power to ensi (monarch) of the Sumerian city of Kish named Kubaba and so therefore justify its legitimacy to the throne once belonging to the grand-son of a mythical goddess-queen of the ancient Sumerian Empire named Ur-Zababa.
    Also, I would like to have an explanation of the link between Narmer or Nemes, Namis Tutu and Namishtushu, the latter being just a son of Sargon and also king of the Akkadian Empire .

    Thirdly, it should be remembered that Kemet is historically older than the empire of Akkad.

    Finally, it should be remembered that Sargon is also recognized as the first Semitic king of History (the Sumerians, which preceded the Akkadians and the Babylonians in Mesopotamia, were not of Semitic origin which they gave themselves (Sumerian – language sum. Ug sag gig-ga, which means “” or “the Black-Headed People” for short). Of course, does not deny that I have Sargon may have in one way or another black origins.

    In short, I want to emphasize that it will move more evidence of a direct and metropolitan origins from Akkadian and Egyptian civilizations on the banks of the Niger River. Even if we managed to establish concrete links between the Mesopotamian cuneiform and those of Igbo-Ukwu, we have found traces of influences shared among Egyptians, Mesopotamians (influence between Egyptians and Mesopotamians … but it is obvious!) and Igbos will require more research, more evidence and more searches today. Research, as the article seem interesting and fully bring much on behalf of our beloved people and the Pan-African community, or the lack of evidence that there still seem low.

    Aksanti sana – Thanks You Very Much.

    Simba Olenga

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