By Professor Catherine Acholonu (Nigeria), Sidney Louis Davis (USA) and Naja Levoe (USA).

An Excerpt from new book: Eden in Sumer on the Niger, by Catherine Acholonu, with contributions from Naja Levoe and Sidney Louis Davis



Sumer was the oldest and most wide-ranging civilization in the ancient world. It was a Pre- and Post-Deluge civilization and the Mother of the Egyptian and Indus Valley civilizations, which birthed all the other latter-day civilizations of the world. This makes Sumer the Mother of all civilizations of the ancient world , most of which have impacted the modern world: Egypt, Babylon, Mesopotamia, Persia, Assyria, India, Olmec, Maya, Aztec, Great Zimbabwe, Greece, Arabia, Rome, Benin, Borno, Oyo, Igbo Ukwu, etc.

As the Oldest civilization in the world, Sumer birthed the Egyptian civilization by 3,100 B.C., for the first king of Egypt was a Sumerian from the land of Nubia (Sub-Saharan Africa). Sumer’s first city was called Kish. Kish was established and ruled by Nimrud, the grandson of Ham by ca. 3,900 B.C. The next Sumerian city was Agade, also called Akkad (ca. 3,700 B.C.). Agade was established by a king known as Shar-ru-kin/Sharr-ru-gin/Shar-gana, whom Western historians called Sargon. Some researchers of Sumerian history claim that Shar means ‘King’ and Ru means Eri, while Gin/Gan/Gana are Sumerian names for the ‘Garden of Eden’, which was actually located in Sumer and was a major subject of many common Sumerian symbols.

Sustained research findings by an international team of researchers of the Catherine Acholonu Research Center, Abuja, published in various volumes titled (1) The Gram Code of African Adam, (2) They Lived Before Adam, (3) The Lost Testament and the now forth-coming (4) Eden in Sumer on the Niger, have provided consistent and conclusive evidence that Sumer was an Black African civilization whose mainstay was the ancient Nigerian Kwa civilization, with some its cities located in the Jos plateau, the Niger Delta, Yoruba land, Benin and Igbo land. Most of the ancient cities of Nigeria such as Borno, Kano, Oyo, Benin, Igbo Ukwu, Calabar were surviving cities of Sumer. Sumer was a civilization that grew out of the Edenic beginnings of the Mother-pot of human civilization; from the same environment that put forth the ‘Out of Africa’, Migrations that have consistently populated the world and given to fledgling mankind culture, language, the rubrics of a writing system developed originally on stone and in caves, basic technology, religion and astronomy. For hundreds of thousands of years Africa remained the only inhabited continent. It was in Africa that the evolutionary journey of the Apes saw to the emergence of the Ape-man; from Ape-man to Cave-man and from Cave-man to Modern Man (Homo Sapiens) over a period of no fewer than 2 million years. The story of Evolution is the story of the African continent, and it is a story that is too awe-inspiring to be told. But it has to be told, and told by Africans themselves.

The Fall of Sumer’s Nigeria-Capital Meant the Global Dissemination of Civilization

Sumer was the world, the only inhabited world for over 12,000 years, while Europe and much of Asia lay under Mountains of Ice in the Ice Age. As told in surviving Sumerian Epics, and confirmed in Yoruba mythology, Benin and Igbo mythologies and the Hebrew Bible, the wars of the Sons of God brought about the destruction of this First Global Civilization of the Oduduwas and the Obatalas by ca. 2,000 B.C. Fleeing Sumerian Nigerians were the founders of Babylon, Mesopotamia, Persia and Assyria. To date their original homeland has remained a mystery to Western historians, but because the writings of Babylonians consistently spoke of a homeland called Sumer/Shumer, Historians knew that an earlier civilization, of which no trace has been found, had given rise to Babylon of the Middle East. Excavations in the Middle East have never yielded a date beyond 2,100 B.C., yet their texts gave king-lists that begun close to 4,000 B.C., giving rise to the question of the location of the mother-pot that birthed the civilizations of the Middle East. It is also now known that not only did Sumer birth the Egyptian civilization, it was also the mother of the Indian Mohenjo Daro and Harappan civilizations of the Indus Valley, with which it shares the proto-Cuneiform writing system.

Many cities of Sumer were eclipsed by natural and man-made disasters so devastating that the nation literally disappeared from the face of the earth. Its cities of mud bricks and reed roofs were abandoned and were buried by thousands of years of piled up mud. Naturally, its legacies to the world, which are clearly African are everywhere visible, though being denied by mainstream Western researchers: Egypt, India, Babylon, Persia, Assyria, Americas, China, Hatti-land, (and in later ages) Greece, Troy, Rome, all of Europe, etc.

Laouali Yahaya, a Muslim Scholar from Niger Republic has been conducting research that are demonstrating linguistic connections between Hausa language and culture and those of ancient Egyptians, while a host of Yoruba scholars have successfully demonstrated Yoruba cultural, religious and linguistic links with ancient Egypt. The question that begs an answer is: who came from whom? The CARC international Research Team has at last provided a path-breaking answer! It was not the Nile Valley that gave the world civilization and knowledge, as claimed by Egyptologists and echoed by early Afro-centric authors like Runoko Rashidi and Ivan Van Sertima, but the Niger Valley of Pre-historic Nigeria, Ghana, Borno, Sudan, Chad, Nok, Biafra Median, Benin, Igbo Ukwu and Ife. Egyptian records by Manetho insist that the Nile Valley civilization was founded by a NUBIAN (a Black warrior king from a country South of the Sahara).

Indeed in the year 3100 B.C. a “Nubian” king called Menes went north and conquered Egypt and annexed them to his own kingdom in the South. Our 21 year-long research on this phenomenon has thrown up four major full-length book-publications and more than ample evidence to the effect that Menes was definitely a Nigerian, for ancient Nigeria was the mainstay of Sumer – the location of its two oldest cities and at least two of its four regions.[1]

Similarities Between Ancient Nigerians and Sumerians

Sumerian written records, that have survived in Babylon and latter-day Mesopotamia, as delineated by Wallis Budge[2] show that they and Nigerians had many similarities of customs, cultures and traditions. Both Nigerians and Sumerians lived in mud and thatched or reed huts, they worshipped gods in small shrines and made sacrifices of livestock and food to their gods. They practiced Animism – worshipping deities of the waters, earth, wind and vegetation. Families ate meals from a common plate and, like Nigerians and other Africans they scooped food with their bare hands. Sumerians and Nigerians were metal workers and farmers. Both peoples practiced arranged marriages. Palm-wine was tapped from the palm trees and drunk in Sumer as it is still done in Nigeria. Nigerians are the only people in the world who tap palm-wine straight from the tree. Palm wine trees are in fact native to Nigeria. Both peoples made soap with a mixture of wood-ash and oil (Yoruba Dudu Osun/Igbo Ncha Ngu). Both Sumerians and ancient Nigerian chiefs dressed customarily in wrappers slung across the left shoulder with the right shoulder bare. Chiefs of both people wore carnelian beads on the neck and arms. Like Yoruba priests, Sumerian priests wore white wrappers when entering the shrine. Sumerian drums were made and beaten in the style of Yoruba/Igbo/Benue talking drums, and some were slung on the shoulders while being beaten with two hands. Sumerian Proto-Cuneiform letters are made up mostly of popular Nigerian and Bantu symbols, as we have demonstrated in our forthcoming book, Eden in Sumer on the Niger. It is obvious from these and many more similarities that Sumerians were Nigerians/West Africans.


Sumer’s Ruling Families were Nigeria’s Still Surviving Royal Houses

Sumerian kings of the lineage of the ancient city of Agade, founded by Sargon mostly bore titles originated from titles still borne by Kings of Kwa language groups of Nigeria as well as titles of Nok and Fulani kings such as Sarkin (the origin of the name of Sumer’s most famous king Sargon/Sarrugin), Gana, Kuru. Their most popular Kwa titles were Eri, Nuri/Nri Atta, Idu, Dudu, Duru, Qa/Kwa, Eshi, Kashi/Esh. Their oldest divine kings/rulers took the title Urashi, meaning ‘Sea Emperor’. Urashi is a popular river in mainland Igbo land. The European god of wine Bacchus was of Sumerian origin. His original Igbo name, Gba-nkwu means ‘Let Your Wine Flow’! One of the kings of Sargon’s lineage bore the title Atta, the name of the second son of Iduu and the founder of today’s Igalla kingdom and the title of its ruling family – Atta of Igala. Iduu was the founder of the Igbo Eri/Nri/Benin/Edo/Idoma and some Yoruba kingdoms. Our new research works are re-analyzing the ancient Sumerian and Egyptian dynastic records and rediscovering their ancient Nigerian roots.

Sumer had many cataclysms, but its final destruction took place by 2023 B.C. The survivors of the disaster migrated to many parts of the world and founded new cities and kingdoms and thus brought civilization to the entire world.[3] They were the world’s first Diaspora. Middle Eastern scholar Zecharia Sitchin reveals that the Sumerian refugees were called Munabtitu ‘Fugitives from a Destruction’, derived from Igbo Umunna-obi-ntitu – ‘Clans from Destroyed Homesteads’. A new Babylon, Persia, Assyria and Mesopotamia sprang up in the Middle East. India was occupied by the Bharat and Kuru family of Igbos and Fulanis, while the rest of the fleeing refugees from ancient Nigeria went South and became the Bantu nations of Sub-Saharan Africa. Middle East scholar Ishaq D. Al-Sulaimani has demonstrated in his work, “Greater Igbo Nation” that many Sub-Saharan African languages have their origin in Nigeria and precisely in Igbo language, and linguists have posited that the Bantus, who today occupy two-thirds of the African continent were migrants from South-Eastern Region (Igbo region) of Nigeria and the Benue/Cross River region. The fact that the first major Bantu migrations took place around the same date as the Fall of Sumer (ca. 2,000 B.C), shows that the Bantu migrants were Sumerians from ancient Nigeria and were connected to those Sumerians who emigrated to Babylon, India and China. Indeed the Bantu migrants were distinguished by their metal technology, as all the records have shown. Metal working was a hallmark of Sumerian civilization, a gift she gave to Asia and Europe. Archaeologists of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka have proved the existence of industrial iron furnaces in ancient Nigeria (Lejja, Opi, Nsukka) long before 2,000 B.C., lending further proof to a Nigerian base for Prehistoric Sumer.[4]

Nigerian Sumerians Seeded the World with their Old Technologies and Civilization

A number of Western scientists are making revelations on the Ifa origins of Sacred Science, all of which imply that Nigeria was the mother of civilization in a dim past now forgotten. Nigerian Sumerians gave the world writing, bronze-technology, metal-working, mathematics, religion, kingship, astronomy, weaving, pottery, mining and a host of other forms of knowledge. The descendants of Sumerians from India, Greece, Troy and Turkey (Hittites) migrated to Europe and became the Aryan (Eri-an) master Race and Aristocrats. The word Ary/Aerie is derived from Eri, the founder of Post-Deluge Sumer. The Nigerian Kwa linguistic group was clearly the mainstay of Sumerian aristocracy. Sumerian kings coveted the Nigerian Kwa (Qa) which unites all descendant tribes of Eri-Iduu, for according to E.O Erim in “Traditions of Origins of the Idoma-Yala People” (Alagoa, 1990), the people of Yoruba, Benin, Igbo, Idoma, Yala, Igala, Edo and many other smaller tribes came from one common origin, one common ancestor. The Benin/Edo, Idoma and Eri people of Igbo land claim that that common ancestor was called Iduu. Oral traditions of Nigeria indicate that the common ancestor called Iduu had his seat of power at the junction of two rivers located East of Benin. The only junction of two rivers located East of Benin is the Omambala-Niger confluence, which incidentally is located in the Iduu Eri kingdom in Aguleri town, Anambra State, Igbo land, Nigeria.

Iduu Eri had five sons which include Agulu Eri, Atta Eri, Edo Eri and others. Atta Eri is the ancestor and father of the Igallas and the founder of the still-surviving ancient lineage of Atta Kings of the Igalla nation. Eri’s other son Edo is the ancestor of the Edo tribe, which includes Bini (Benin) tribe of Nigeria. Edo has given rise to many other smaller tribes such as the Idoma and the Yala. We are told that every designated Oba of Benin still comes to Aguleri to the spot where Edo first lived to spent seven nights of silence and meditation before he can be crowned the substantive Oba of Benin. A better understanding of Nigerian early history through the myths of origin of its various tribes, will help the people reclaim their ancient heritage in global historical context.

Pharaoh, Bharat and Opara: Ancient Titles of One Family of Sun-Kings of Egypt, India and Nigeria

Sumerian hieroglyph for the sounds Par/Bar (‘Son’) have their equivalent sound and meaning in Igbo Opara, and their common hieroglyphs are an X and a Cross. The Sumerian/Igbo words Bar/Par (‘First Son/Great House’) are the origin of Egyptian Pharaoh and Indian Barath – two words that designate the oldest ruling families/titles of ancient Egypt and Vedic India.

L.A. Waddell in Makers of Civilization in Race and History indicates in his comparative list of Sumerian Egyptian and European inscriptions[5] that the X symbol for Bar/Par is also the symbol for Kur/Guur/Guru. The Kurus and Baraths were the rival sons of the Mahabharat war of Vedic India. Sumerian Kuru means ‘Mountain-land’. Countless racial, cultural and behavioral similarities between the Indians and Fulanis of Nigeria, added to the existence of a mountain-town called Kuru in the heart of the Nok civilization of Jos, Plateau state, make it evident that Plateau State was the home of the Kurus of the Mahabharat wars. The fact that the three families (Bharat/Kurus and Eris) shared the same hieroglyphic symbol for ‘Son/Heir of the Great House’, means they are two branches of the same original Ruling House of Eri/Iduu. Three inter-changeable Sumerian symbols identify Bar/Par/Kur. They are the X, the equal-armed Cross and the Swastika. These three solar symbols, as demonstrated in Catherine Acholonu’s They Lived Before Adam and The Lost Testament are sacred symbols of Igbo ozo initiates and of the Eze Eri/Eze Nri. The Swastika was among the symbols excavated in Igbo Ukwu by British archaeologist Thurstan Shaw and wrongly dated 9th Century AD.


Semites and European Colonizers of Africa Received Religion and Civilization from Ancient Nigerian Sumerians

About the Sumerian origins of Semitic religion and European polity, Waddell wrote,

We find at that early period of the early Aryans and Sumerians from whom we have inherited civilization, already a vigorous law-abiding industrial and agricultural people living in cities under established governments, with free institutions, practicing scientific arts and crafts, great sea traders familiar with writing, literature, poetry and history and possessed of a lofty religion and on the monotheistic lines of the present day. We find a Sumerian king some generations before Menes, recording that he is ‘the champion of the weak against the strong; in place of servitude he established liberty throughout his kingdom… he delivered the children from want, theft, murder and other ills… to the widow and the orphan the strong man could do no harm’. And he issues or reissues a great number of laws including many for protecting the people against extortions by officials and priests, which are precisely similar in form to those found in the later law-codes of the Hittites and on the famous stone-graven code of the sun-worshipping Khammu-Rabi (2003-1961 B.C.)…whose law-codes are now generally recognized as the immediate source of Moses Laws in the Ten Commandments…[6]

Hebrew Rabbi is derived from Rabi in Khammu-rabi. The fact that Khammurabi began his rule in Babylon (2003B.C.) 26 years after the destruction of Africa-based Sumer (2023 B.C.), and  about 20 years after the death of Abraham means that his legacy easily passed onto the Semites of Abraham’s lineage. By Sitchen’s calculation, Abraham was born in 2123 B.C. and at the age of 100, he bore his first son and witnessed the destruction of Sumer by 2023 B.C.[7] In other words, Khammurabi was the first king of a relocated Sumerian population of Eri/Nigerian settlers in the Middle East.

Conclusion: Aryans were Kwa-Egyptians, Igbos and Fulanis

Aryans emerged from the Indus valley arm of the Sumerian refugees from ancient Nigeria. The term Arya/Aerie/Herie from which is derived German Herr ‘(Lord’), which Waddell says originated in Sumer, is a cognate of Igbo Eri. Robert Bauval in Black Genesis: Pre-historic Origins of Ancient Egypt actually revealed that the Blacks who first populated Egypt by 3,000 – 4,000 B.C. were the Napta Playans, who migrated from the direction of Chad in West Africa – a people whose kings bore the title Herri! Chad has a direct border with Nigeria and Lake Chad was previously located in Nigeria until it was seeded to Chad not too long ago.

Clearly the Sumerian sons of the Kwa putative ancestor Iduu-Eri have been global colonizers from Egypt to the rest of the world. These Aryans (Eri-ans) were not originally the blue-eyed pale white race they have been supposed to be. Waddell noted from Vedic records that the Aryan racial complexion was “ruddy”. “Ruddy” is the complexion of many Igbos and Fulanis including this author. The facts on the ground only tell us one thing, the Aryans who conquered and ruled Europe and became its earliest Aristocrats and kings were Kwa-Egyptians who had occupied the Indus valley from the days of the Fall of Sumer. David Mac Richie in Ancient and Modern Britons and a host of other European and African American researchers[8] have demonstrated that a Black race called ‘Egyptians’ were the first inhabitants of Europe and Britain – the builders and occupiers of the continent’s oldest stone castles, Europe’s first Ari-stocrats, nobles and black knights of mythology. It was the mixed-race descendants of these Africans who returned back to the lands of their remote ancestors and mercilessly exploited it to build new empires in their new-found lands. What has not been known till now is the actual African origin of these first colonists of the world. But today we can assert that they were Nigerians.


Excerpt from the new book Eden in Sumer on the Niger: Origin of Aryans of Eri-Land, Hebrews, Moors and Vedic Indians by Professor Catherine Acholonu, Naja Levoe and Sidney Davis.

Acholonu was Former Special Adviser on Culture to a Nigerian President and Author of (1) The Gram Code of African Adam, (2) They Lived Before Adam, (3) The Lost Testament of the Ancestors of Adam  (4) Eden in Sumer on the Niger.

This paper has been accepted for presentation at the Catherine Acholonu International Conference, November 17th – 19th, 2012, hosted by the University of Nigeria Institute for Africa Studies, Nsukka, Nigeria.


[1] See Zecharia Sitchen, translated, The Lost Book of Enki (2003).

[2] Budge, Babylonian Live and History, 1925.

[3] See Zecharia Sitchen, The Wars of Gods and Men, When Time Began.

[4] Pamela Eze-Uzoamaka, “Iron Age Technology in Lejja, Nigeria”, 2007.

[5] Makers of Civilization, p. 201-202.

[6] Makers of Civilization, p. 502.

[7] See Zechariah Sitchen, The Wars of Gods and Men, p. 349-350.

[8] Runoko Rashidi, James Brunson, Ivan Van Sertima, Martin Bernal, Don Luke, etc.

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